Heart Disease Specialist

Bertina Hooks, MD -  - Internal Medicine Physician

Phoenix Health & Wellness PC

Bertina Hooks, MD

Internal Medicine Physician located in Fair Oaks, CA

Heart disease is the leading cause of death for both men and women, but with regular screenings and preventive health care, you can reduce your risk and lead a healthy and active life. Dr. Bertina Hooks at Phoenix Health & Wellness PC in Roseville, California offers health screenings and treatments to improve your heart health and reduce your risk of heart disease. Call or make an appointment online today.

Heart Disease Q & A

What is heart disease?

Heart disease or cardiovascular disease is  an umbrella term for various diseases and conditions that negatively impact your heart and cardiovascular system. Some common forms of heart disease include coronary artery disease (CAD), arrhythmias, and congenital heart defects.   

Cardiovascular or heart disease is caused by atherosclerosis or calcified plaques that block your blood vessels leading high blood pressure, heart attacks (myocardial infarction), or strokes (cerebrovascular accident).  

 

 

 






What are symptoms of heart disease?

Many people don’t know they have heart disease until they have heart failure or a cardiac episode. Conditions like high blood pressure that can lead to heart disease are usually symptomless, which is why it’s so critical to have routine health screenings like blood pressure checks.

However, some of the common signs of heart disease include:

  • Chest pain
  • Shortness of breath
  • Pain in your back, upper abdomen, neck, and jaw
  • Pain or numbness in your arms and legs
  • Abnormal heartbeat - too fast, too slow, or fluttering
  • Dizziness or lightheadedness
  • Swelling in your ankles and feet
  • Fatigue

Men and women experience heart disease symptoms differently. Men are more likely to have chest pain while women have shortness of breath, nausea, fatigue, and pain in their backs or necks.

What causes heart disease?

Many factors contribute to the development of heart disease. Besides your genetics and family history, the following factors increase your risk of heart disease:

  • Smoking
  • Poor diet
  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • Obesity
  • Stress
  • High blood pressure
  • High cholesterol
  • Diabetes

How is heart disease diagnosed?

Dr. Hooks provides routine health screenings to check for conditions like high blood pressure and high cholesterol that contribute to the development of heart disease. If you manifest symptoms or have a high risk of heart disease, she uses other tests to check your cardiovascular health, including:

  • Electrocardiograms (ECG) 
  • Holter monitoring for arrhythmias (irregular heart rate)
  • Echocardiogram (ultrasound images to assess the structure and function of the heart)
  • Stress tests to assess the heart's ability to handle physiologic stress 
  • MRI and CT scans
  • Labs to check electrolytes, thyroid function, liver function, kidney function, and blood count

How is heart disease treated?

Dr. Hooks works with you to change your lifestyle and prescribes medications to improve your heart health and treat contributing factors like high blood pressure and high cholesterol.

She may suggest dietary changes to reduce the salt, fat, and sugar in your diet. It’s also important to get at least 30 minutes of moderate exercise every day and to avoid cigarettes and other tobacco products.

If lifestyle changes aren’t enough to improve your heart health, she may prescribe medications. There are a wide variety of medications to address different types of heart disease.

If you’re concerned about heart disease or are due for a physical and health screenings, call or schedule an appointment online today at Phoenix Health & Wellness PC.

How is heart disease managed?

She may suggest dietary changes to reduce the salt, fat, and sugar in your diet. It’s also important to get at least 30 minutes of moderate exercise every day and to avoid cigarettes and other tobacco products as well as excessive caffeine.

Disclaimer

Last updated: April 30, 2018

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