Depression & Anxiety Specialist

Bertina Hooks, MD -  - Internal Medicine Physician

Phoenix Health & Wellness PC

Bertina Hooks, MD

Internal Medicine Physician located in Fair Oaks, CA

Depression is a severe mental health condition that affects more than 8% of the adults in America today, causing severe disruption to their lives. At Phoenix Health & Wellness PC in Roseville, California, Dr. Bertina Hooks diagnoses and treats depression with medication and referrals for therapy. If you’re concerned about depression, call or schedule a consultation online today.

Depression & Anxiety

What is depression?

Feeling sad now and then, especially in response to life events like the loss of a loved one or losing your job, is normal. However, depression is different than sadness or grief. Depression causes long-lasting feelings of hopelessness, worthlessness, and intense sadness that interfere with your thoughts and behaviors.

How do I know if I have depression?

Depression is a clinical diagnosis Dr. Hooks makes after consulting with you and discussing your symptoms. However, if you experience any of the following symptoms, you should make an appointment with Dr. Hooks as soon as possible for an evaluation and diagnosis so you can get the help you need.


Common signs of depression include:

  • Depressed mood and intense sadness
  • Feelings of worthlessness, guilt, and hopelessness
  • Changes to your appetite - eating too much or too little
  • Changes to sleep patterns - sleeping more or insomnia
  • Loss of interest in hobbies and other activities
  • Fatigue
  • Poor concentration
  • Suicidal thoughts or preoccupation with death

What causes depression?

While the exact cause of depression is unknown, doctors and clinical researchers know that your brain chemistry causes your depressed mood and other symptoms. If you don’t have enough of certain neurotransmitters like serotonin or dopamine, or if these neurotransmitters don't connect correctly with the receptors in your brain, your mood is affected.

Why some people develop these chemical imbalances isn’t fully understood. However, there are risk factors that contribute to your chances of developing depression and other mental health conditions, including:

  • Genetics and family history: if a member of your family has a mental health condition, your risk increases
  • Personality traits: pessimism, low self-esteem, easily stressed
  • Environmental factors: exposure to neglect, abuse, poverty, and violence


How is depression treated?

Dr. Hooks offers customized treatments for depression. During your initial consultation, she asks questions about your symptoms and your lifestyle. She also runs tests to check for medical conditions like thyroid disorders, hormone imbalances, and vitamin deficiencies that can also cause symptoms of depression.

When Dr. Hooks makes a diagnosis of depression, she typically prescribes an antidepressant and gives you a referral for therapy. Antidepressants should regulate your brain chemistry to alleviate some of your symptoms so that you can use therapy to focus on identifying environmental triggers of your depression and learning techniques to recognize and respond to your feelings and thoughts differently.

If you’re concerned about depression, call or make an appointment online today. If you’re having suicidal thoughts, call 911 or go to your nearest emergency room for help.

What is anxiety?

People with anxiety disorders frequently have intense, excessive and persistent worry and fear about everyday situations. Often, anxiety disorders involve repeated episodes of sudden feelings of intense anxiety and fear or terror that reach a peak within minutes (panic attacks).   Anxiety disorders is an umbrella for a group disorders that includes phobias, social anxiety disorders, generalized anxiety disorders, and panic disorders.

What are the symptoms of anxiety?

All anxiety disorders share similar symptoms including: 

  • Panic, fear, and uneasiness
  • Sleep problems
  • Not being able to stay calm and still (restlessness or agitation)
  • Cold, sweaty, numb or tingling hands or feet
  • Shortness of breath
  • Heart palpitations
  • Dry mouth
  • Nausea
  • Tense muscles
  • Dizziness

How is depression and anxiety treated?

Dr. Hooks offers customized treatments for depression for each patient. During your initial consultation, she asks questions about the severity and frequency of your symptoms. She also orders tests to rule out other medical conditions like thyroid disorders, hormone imbalances, and vitamin deficiencies that can also cause symptoms of depression and anxiety.

When Dr. Hooks makes a diagnosis of depression and/or anxiety, she typically prescribes an antidepressant and gives you a referral for psychotherapy. Antidepressants should regulate your brain chemistry to alleviate some of your symptoms like fatigue, insomnia, weight loss or gain but the medication takes about 3-4 weeks to show benefits.  In the interim, psychotherapy helps so that you can use therapy to focus on identifying environmental triggers of your depression and learning techniques to recognize and respond to your feelings and thoughts differently.   For people with depression and anxiety, the symptoms can be disabling. But with treatment, many people can manage those feelings and get back to a fulfilling life.

Disclaimer

Last updated: April 30, 2018

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